Toward 6g communication networks: Terahertz frequency challenges and open research issues

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Alsharif M. H., Albreem M. A., Solyman A. A., Kim S.

Computers, Materials and Continua, vol.66, no.3, pp.2831-2842, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 66 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.32604/cmc.2021.013176
  • Journal Name: Computers, Materials and Continua
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, zbMATH, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.2831-2842
  • Keywords: 6G communications, Beyond 5G, Terahertz communications, Terahertz frequency, Terahertz waves, Wireless networks
  • Istanbul Gelisim University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021 Tech Science Press. All rights reserved.Future networks communication scenarios by the 2030s will include notable applications are three-dimensional (3D) calls, haptics communications, unmanned mobility, tele-operated driving, bio-internet of things, and the Nanointernet of things. Unlike the current scenario in which megahertz bandwidth are sufficient to drive the audio and video components of user applications, the future networks of the 2030s will require bandwidths in several gigahertzes (GHz) (from tens of gigahertz to 1 terahertz [THz]) to perform optimally. Based on the current radio frequency allocation chart, it is not possible to obtain such a wide contiguous radio spectrum below 90 GHz (0.09 THz). Interestingly, these contiguous blocks of radio spectrum are readily available in the higher electromagnetic spectrum, specifically in the Terahertz (THz) frequency band. The major contribution of this study is discussing the substantial issues and key features of THz waves, which include (i) key features and significance of THz frequency; (ii) recent regulatory; (iii) the most promising applications; and (iv) possible open research issues. These research topics were deeply investigated with the aim of providing a specific, synopsis, and encompassing conclusion. Thus, this article will be as a catalyst towards exploring new frontiers for future networks of the 2030s.