Experimental investigation of the effect of solidification processing parameters on the rod spacings in the Sn-1.2 wt.% Cu alloy

Çadirli E., Böyük U., Engin S., KAYA H., MARAŞLI N., Ülgen A.

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol.486, no.1-2, pp.199-206, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 486 Issue: 1-2
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2009.07.027
  • Journal Name: Journal of Alloys and Compounds
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.199-206
  • Keywords: Intermetallics, Mechanical alloying, Crystal growth
  • Istanbul Gelisim University Affiliated: No


Sn-1.2 wt.% Cu alloy was prepared in a graphite crucible under the vacuum atmosphere. The samples were directionally solidified upwards under argon atmosphere with different temperature gradients (G = 2.69-8.88 K/mm) at a constant growth rate (V = 6.80 μm/s) and with different growth rates (V = 2.78-136.36 μm/s) at a constant temperature gradient (G = 2.69 K/mm) by using a Bridgman-type directional solidification apparatus. The microstructure of Sn-1.2 wt.% Cu alloy seems to be rod eutectic structure. The rod spacings (λ) were measured from both transverse and longitudinal sections of the samples. The influence of the growth rate (V) and temperature gradient (G) on the rod spacings (λ) and undercoolings (ΔT) was analysed. The values of λ2V, λ2G, ΔTλ, ΔTV-0.5 and ΔTG0.5 were determined by using the Jackson-Hunt eutectic theory. The results obtained in the present work have been compared with the similar experimental results obtained in the previous works for binary alloys. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.