Assessment of pain, scapulothoracic muscle strength, endurance and scapular dyskinesis in individuals with and without nonspecific chronic neck pain: A cross-sectional study

KARAAĞAÇ A., Arslan S. A., Keskin E. D.

Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, vol.35, pp.261-267, 2023 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2023.04.008
  • Journal Name: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, CINAHL, MEDLINE, SportDiscus
  • Page Numbers: pp.261-267
  • Keywords: Muscle strenght, Nonspecific chronic neck pain, Scapular dyskinesis
  • Istanbul Gelisim University Affiliated: Yes


Introduction: This study is aimed to evaluate pain, muscle strength, scapular muscular endurance and scapular kinesis in individuals with Nonspecific Chronic Neck Pain and to compare them with asymptomatic individuals. In addition, to investigate the effect of mechanical changes in the scapular region on neck pain. Method: 40 individuals who applied to Kırıkkale University Faculty of Medicine Hospital Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Center and diagnosed with NSCNP and 40 asymptomatic individuals for the control group were included the study. Pain was evaluated with Visual Analogue Scale, pain threshold and pain tolerance with algometer, cervical deep flexor group muscle strength with Stabilizer Pressure Biofeedback device, and neck and scapulothoracic muscle strength with Hand Held Dynamometer. Scapular Dyskinesia Test, Scapular Depression Test and Lateral Scapular Slide Test were used to evaluate scapular kinesis. A timer was used to evaluate scapular muscular endurance. Result: Pain threshold and pain tolerance values of the NSCNP group were lower (p < 0.05). Muscle strength around neck and scapulothoracic region of the NSCNP group were lower than the asymptomatic individuals (p < 0.05). NSCNP group had more scapular dyskinesia (p < 0.05). Scapular muscular endurance values of the NSCNP group were lower (p < 0.05). Conclusion: As a result, pain threshold and pain tolerance decreased, muscle strength of the neck region and the scapular region decreased, scapular endurance values decreased and the incidence of scapular dyskinesia increased in the individuals with NSCNP compared to the asymptomatic individuals. It is thought that our study will provide a different perspective in the evaluation of neck pain and including the scapular region to the evaluations.