Patients with mild cognitive impairment display reduced auditory event-related delta oscillatory responses


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Kurt P., Emek-SavaG D. D., Batum K., TURP GÖLBAŞI B., GÜNTEKİN B., Karsidal S., ...More

Behavioural Neurology, vol.2014, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2014
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1155/2014/268967
  • Journal Name: Behavioural Neurology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Istanbul Gelisim University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Background. Event-related oscillations (ERO) may provide a useful tool for the identification of cognitive deficits in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). In the present study, we investigate peak-to-peak amplitude of auditory eventrelated delta oscillations of MCI subjects. Method. The study included twenty-two consecutive patients with MCI recruited in neurology clinic and 21 age- and education-matched normal elderly controls. A classical auditory oddball paradigm was used in the experiments. EEG was recorded from F3, Fz, F4, C3, Cz, C4, P3, Pz, P4, O1, Oz, and O2 locations. The maximum peak-to-peak amplitudes for each subject's averaged delta response (0.5-2.2Hz) weremeasured. Results. The amplitudes between groups differed significantly at the frontal and mid-centroparietal locations. ANOVA on delta responses revealed a significant effect for groups (F(1.41) = 4.84, = 0.033), indicating a larger delta response for healthy controls thanMCI subjects. Post hoc comparisons revealed that peak-to-peak delta response was significantly larger for healthy controls than for MCI over electrode sites F3, Fz, F4, Cz, C4, and Pz. Discussion. Event-related delta frequency band seems to be the most affected oscillatory response in cognitive impairment due to AD. Therefore, it deserves to be investigated as a candidate electrophysiological biomarker in further studies. Copyright © 2014 Giovanni A.