The feasibility of artificial intelligence performing as CEO: the vizier-shah theory

Ünal A., Kılınç İ.

Foresight, vol.23, no.6, pp.698-723, 2021 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1108/fs-02-2021-0048
  • Journal Name: Foresight
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ABI/INFORM, EconLit, INSPEC, Political Science Complete
  • Page Numbers: pp.698-723
  • Keywords: Artificial intelligence, Chief executive officer, Futurism, Grounded theory
  • Istanbul Gelisim University Affiliated: No


Purpose: This paper aims to examine the feasibility of artificial intelligence (AI) performing as chief executive officer (CEO) in organizations. Design/methodology/approach: The authors followed an explorative research design – classic grounded theory methodology. The authors conducted face-to-face interviews with 27 participants that were selected according to theoretical sampling. The sample consisted of academics from the fields of AI, philosophy and management; experts and artists performing in the field of AI and professionals from the business world. Findings: As a result of the grounded theory process “The Vizier-Shah Theory” emerged. The theory consisted of five theoretical categories: narrow AI, hard problems, debates, solutions and AI-CEO. The category “AI as a CEO” introduces four futuristic AI-CEO models. Originality/value: This study introduces an original theory that explains the evolution process of narrow AI to AI-CEO. The theory handles the issue from an interdisciplinary perspective by following an exploratory research design – classic grounded theory and provides insights for future research.