Resiliency-Sensitive Decision Making Mechanism for a Residential Community Enhanced with Bi-Directional Operation of Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles


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Erdinç F. G., Çiçek A., ERDİNÇ O.

Energies, vol.15, no.22, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 22
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/en15228729
  • Journal Name: Energies
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: common energy storage systems, distributed generation units, energy management, fuel cell electric vehicles, resiliency-sensitive loads, vehicle-to-grid
  • Istanbul Gelisim University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022 by the authors.The trend regarding providing more distributed solutions compared to a fully centralized operation has increased the research activities conducted on the improvement of active regional communities in the power system operation in the last decades. In this study, an energy management-oriented decision-making mechanism for residential end-users based local community is proposed in a mixed-integer linear programming context. The proposed concept normally includes inflexible resiliency-sensitive load–demand activated as flexible during abnormal operating conditions, fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) fed via the hydrogen provided by an electrolyzer unit connected to the residential community and capable of acting in vehicle-to-grid (V2G) mode, common energy storage and photovoltaic (PV) based distributed generation units and dispersed PV based generating options at the end-user premises. The combination of the hydrogen–electricity chain with the V2G capability of FCEVs and the resiliency-sensitive loads together with common ESS and generation units provides the novelty the study brings to the existing literature. The concept was tested under different case studies also with different objective functions.