Social and spatial impacts of changing urban form in Ayazağa, Turkey

Kırtaş E. E., Tomruk B.

Urban Morphology, vol.27, no.1, pp.31-50, 2023 (AHCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.51347/um27.0002
  • Journal Name: Urban Morphology
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, IBZ Online, Geobase, Index Islamicus
  • Page Numbers: pp.31-50
  • Keywords: piecemeal urbanism, spatial segregation, top-down interventions, urban form transformation, İstanbul
  • Istanbul Gelisim University Affiliated: Yes


The politics of spatial reproduction have been at the heart of Turkey’s economic growth over the past two decades, accelerating rapid urban change in İstanbul. In addition to the transformation of the existing building stock in the city, natural spaces are also being developed through the partial revision of master plans and reproduced through large-scale new investments. This study examines the spatial changes in the Ayazağa Neighbourhood on the northern periphery of İstanbul. The region has become one of the areas where large capital owners have invested extensively in the last decade. Most of the new spatial interventions are large-scale mixed-use buildings. Based on morphological analysis and in-depth interviews with residents, the study investigates the existing urban fabric and the new interventions through four specific cases. The reproduction of urban space in the case study areas is discussed in terms of spatial characteristics and social aspects. As a result, the lack of public open spaces, massive new buildings with privately owned public spaces, and the social and spatial segregation between the residents of the informal settlements and the new upper-class housing are addressed as problem areas.