The Relationship between Scoliosis Surgery and Quality of Life

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Bakın D., Erdal N.

Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science, vol.5, no.1, pp.10-24, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 5 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Journal Name: Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science
  • Journal Indexes: Other Indexes
  • Page Numbers: pp.10-24
  • Istanbul Gelisim University Affiliated: No


Scoliosis is known as "curvature of the spine" and early diagnosis is very important. It can provide a great advantage to individuals when appropriate treatment or surgery. Today, the surgical treatment of scoliosis curvatures is very successful and an aesthetic and beautiful appearance is formed after the operation. In addition to the aesthetically beautiful appearance, the pain of individuals decreases, and their quality of life increases. This study was conducted to reveal how the quality of life of patients who had scoliosis surgery changed. The population of the study consisted of 121 patients who underwent scoliosis surgery in a private hospital in Istanbul between September 2009 and October 2010. The ages of these patients were 8 and over and 99 patients participated in the study. Data were collected with two tools, namely the information form and the Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22) scale. The independent variables of the study were demographic and disease characteristics of the cases; The dependent variable was quality of life scores. Information form and scale were applied at least 3 months after scoliosis surgery. The data were evaluated by percentage distributions, t-tests, and ANOVA analysis in a computer environment. A total of 99 patients participated in the study. Of these, 78 people were 78.8% women, and 21 people were 21.2% men. Their ages were between 8 and 20 years old. 62 people, mostly between the ages of 14-19, were 62.2%. 7 people aged at least 20 years and older were 7.1%. Mean SRS-22 and its sub-dimensions, Pain mean 21.84± 2.81, General Appearance Evaluation mean 17.66± 4.69, Spinal Function means 2 0.25± 3.64, Mental health mean 19.46± 2 The mean treatment satisfaction was found to be 9.26± 1.01, and the mean of the SRS-22 scale was 88.47± 10.68. When male and female patients were compared according to the general total mean score, the mean score of female patients was found to be significantly higher than the mean score of the male patients. There was no difference between the groups in terms of age, education level, number of siblings, consanguineous marriage, place of residence, family type, chronic illness, and sports. The mental health sub-dimension scores of SSK patients were found to be statistically significantly higher than those of bonding and paid patients. Except for the satisfaction with the treatment sub-dimension, it was determined that the mean score of the patients with free movement was significantly higher than the mean score of the patients with partially restricted movement. The mean score of patients with scoliosis in relatives was found to be statistically significantly lower in terms of pain and spinal functions, compared to the mean score of patients whose relatives did not have scoliosis.