Investigation of optimum tuned mass damper parameter according to stroke capacity


Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics, vol.9, no.4, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier


During major earthquakes, civil structures may collapse due to vibration that has a frequency close to the frequency content of the structure. Because of this, control systems have also been proposed for building structures. These systems can be active ones that are controlled by electronic devices or passive ones that are tuned mechani-cal systems. Passive tuned mass dampers (TMDs) include mass, stiffness element and damping element and these are tuned around the frequency of the structure. For op-timum tuning and the complex nature of the mathematics under random vibrations, metaheuristic algorithms are needed to be used. In the presented study, TMDs are optimized via Jaya algorithm. The control system was optimized for displacement minimization of the structure. Additionally, the stroke amount of the system was limited. The stroke capacity factor was investigated for wide limits between 0.5 and 4 for normalized stroke according to the maximum displacement of the structure. The investigation was done for a single degree of freedom structure for a general conclu-sion. It is observed that the stroke limit did not affect performance and optimum parameters after 2.75. The small values of the stroke limit have significantly different optimum period.