Growth of rod structure with static electrical field in the Al–Ni eutectic system

Basit S., Birinci S., Maraşlı N.

Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol.31, no.17, pp.14055-14068, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 17
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10854-020-03960-0
  • Journal Name: Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.14055-14068
  • Istanbul Gelisim University Affiliated: No


The influence of the positive and negative static electrical fields (E+ and E−, respectively) on eutectic rod spacing (λ), eutectic grain size (EGS), hardness (HB) and ultimate tensile strength for Al–6.4 wt % Ni eutectic alloy directionally solidified from bottom to upward were investigate. The applied electric field constitutes an electrical force on liquid ions and the electrical field force leads an increment and decrement in the atomic mass flux at the solid–liquid interface when its direction is the parallel or antiparallel with solid liquid interface growth direction, respectively. Dependence of the λ, EGS, HB and σUTS values on E+ and E− values were obtained to be λ+=2.57×E+2.87, λ-=0.73×E--1.41, EGS+=362242.99×E+7.75, EGS-=12189.89×E--4.89, HB+=2102.03×E+-0.61, HB-=0.602×E-0.63, σUTS+=111.99×E+-1.31 and σUTS-=256.79×E-1.12, respectively by linear regression analysis. The exponent values of E+ and E− for EGS are higher than the exponent values of E+ and E− for λ, ΗΒ and σUTS.