A review of the H-reflex and M-wave in the human triceps surae

Tucker K. J., TUNCER M., Türker K. S.

Human Movement Science, vol.24, no.5-6, pp.667-688, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 5-6
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.humov.2005.09.010
  • Journal Name: Human Movement Science
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.667-688
  • Keywords: soleus, gastrocnemius, motor point, human
  • Istanbul Gelisim University Affiliated: No


The soleus is the most commonly used muscle for H-reflex studies in humans, while limited comparable data have been produced from the gastrocnemii muscles. This article reviews the fundamental differences between the structure and function of the human soleus and gastrocnemii muscles, including recent data published about their complex innervation zones. Protocols for eliciting, recording, and assessing the H-reflex and M-wave magnitude in the human triceps surae are also discussed. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.