Can technological innovation, foreign direct investment and natural resources ease some burden for the BRICS economies within current industrial era?

Gyamfi B. A., Agozie D. Q., Bekun F. V.

Technology in Society, vol.70, 2022 (SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 70
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.techsoc.2022.102037
  • Journal Name: Technology in Society
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, Periodicals Index Online, Communication & Mass Media Index, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EBSCO Education Source, Geobase, INSPEC, Political Science Complete, Sociological abstracts, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
  • Keywords: BRICS economies, Carbon-reduction, Environmental sustainability, Industrialization, Panel econometrics, Technological innovation
  • Istanbul Gelisim University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022 Elsevier LtdEconomic advancement has tended to affect the processes of industrialization, which has increased the value of exploited natural resources via the application of technology. Intensive use of natural resources via total reserves, technological innovation, foreign direct investment (FDI), and renewable energy can have an impact on the environment. Considering this, the present study investigates the nexus between industrialization, total reserves, inflows of FDI, technical innovation, renewable and natural resources, and CO2 emissions in the case of BRICS. To this end, annual frequency data for BRICS from 1990 to 2019 are employed in panel framework. The study employs a battery of econometric techniques, namely the Augmented Mean Group (AMG), Common Correlated Effects Mean Group (CCEMG), and Driscoll-Kraay estimators to explore the underlined relationship. The cointegration results based on Westerlund, J. (2007) show that there exists a long-run equilibrium relationship between the study outlined variables over the investigated period. From the empirical analysis, technological innovation and renewable energy both reduce CO2 emissions while industrial value-added, natural resources, FDI and total reserves contribute to the degradation of the environment. Additionally, the interaction between industrial value-added and technological innovation also has negative impact on the BRICS countries’ environment. Based on these outcomes, the BRICS economies are enjoined to pursue green technology growth without compromise for environmental quality in the bloc. Finally, numerous significant policy ramifications for protecting environmental quality in BRICS economies have been proposed in the concluding section.