The examination of VO2MAX and anaerobic threshold values in elite soccer players by their positions

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Aksoy Ö., Bozdoğan T. K., Soyal M., Beyaz M. M.

Journal of Physical Education and Sport, vol.22, no.10, pp.2496-2503, 2022 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.7752/jpes.2022.10317
  • Journal Name: Journal of Physical Education and Sport
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, CAB Abstracts, SportDiscus, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.2496-2503
  • Keywords: anaerobic threshold, maximal oxygen consumption, position, Soccer
  • Istanbul Gelisim University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022, Editura Universitatii din Pitesti. All rights reserved.Objective of the Study: This study was conducted to examine the parameters of maximal oxygen consumption capacity (VO2max), anaerobic threshold heart rate, endurance heart rate, and recovery heart rate in elite soccer players according to their positions (goalkeeper, defenders, midfielders, and forwards). Method: The relational screening model was used in the study. And the study group consisted of a total of 88 players, including goalkeepers (n:11), defenders (n:33), midfielders (n:30) and forwards (n:14), from different teams and positions in the Turkish Super League. The SensorMedics 29 c ergospirometry was used with the breath and breath method as per the maximal oxygen consumption in the data collection process. In addition, the exercise testing protocol was applied to the soccer players on the treadmill, and their pulse values were recorded instantly with the polar watch. Plus, the V-Slope method was used to determine the anaerobic threshold values. Moreover, while the SPSS 25.0 package program was used for statistical analysis, correlation analysis was performed for the comparison between positions. Findings: A strong positive correlation was found between the anaerobic threshold, endurance training, and recovery heart rates of the goalkeeper, defenders, midfielders, and forwards participating in the research. Then again, while a strong negative correlation was determined between age, endurance training heart rate, and recovery heart rates of defenders and forwards, no statistical difference was found between the age (year), height (cm) and VO2max (ml/kg/min.) parameters of the goalkeepers and midfielders and their other parameters. Conclusion: In conclusion, when the study results are evaluated, it is clear that the VO2max values of soccer players playing in different positions were close to each other. Also, it is concluded that the reason why the anaerobic threshold heart rate, endurance heart rate, and recovery heart rate parameters of the soccer players in different positions vary; Their actions in the competitions or training.